1969 may be remembered as the year of Woodstock and the hippies, but as the documentary Summer of Soul shows, it was also the year of cultural and social tumult that surged up from the deepest currents of the black Atlantic.
In an open letter to theorist Sylvia Wynter on Wynter's text "1492: A New World View," Ariella Aïsha Azoulay retrieves memories of her Jewish family's Arabness: "I refuse to become a memory-less Jew, whose life was mutated and reformatted to begin only with the creation of the nation-state."
Protests in Algeria have been building since the start of the year. The protests, that have already forced former president Abdelaziz Bouteflika to step down after 20 years, have lately been facing increasingly hostile repression from police and security services. In this interview with imprisoned student leader Yani Aïdali, he discusses the nature of the student movement, and the possibility of its generating a national-level co-ordination.