Paul Klee

Paul Klee (1879–1940) was a Swiss-German painter and an important figure in the development of modern art, known for his explorations in color and line in his work. His extensive writing on color theory and lectures while a teacher at the Bauhaus from 1921 to 1931 were collected as Writings on Form and Design Theory (Schriften zur Form und Gestaltungslehre), published in English as the Paul Klee Notebooks, and are considered a foundational text in the understanding of modern art. In 1937, more than a hundred of Klee’s works were labeled as ‘degenerate art’ and seized from public collections in Germany by the Nazis.